Loophole land—where crimes can't be prosecuted. Really.

According to a law professor from Michigan, there is small section if Idaho where major crimes can not be prosecuted—thanks to a giant blunder by Congress.

The problem begins with the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone is mostly in Wyoming, but a sliver of the park extends into Idaho and Montana. When Congress created the U.S. District Court of Wyoming it included all of Yellowstone National Park. Big mistake.

Stay with me here.... so let's say you commit a murder in the portion of Idaho that's in the park (The red "Loophole Land" on my map). You'd be arrested and bound over for trial in the US District court in Cheyenne, Wyoming. But Article III of the Constitution states that the trial must be held in the state where the crime was committed—in this case Idaho. So you are sent to Idaho for trial. No problem there. But the Sixth Amendment also says that the jury must be drawn from the state and District where the crime was committed. The state is Idaho... but the District is the Wyoming District (which includes the sliver of Idaho that's in the park). So the jury would have to be drawn from residents who live in the portion of Idaho that lies in the park.

And that's where it gets interesting: nobody lives in that patch of Idaho. Nobody. No jury pool means no trial, means you go free.

This curious loophole was discovered by Prof. Brian C. Kalt, a respected legal scholar from Michigan State University. Georgetown Law Journal is reporting on the matter in an upcoming issue. (You can read Kalt's full article here)

Of course, committing crimes is bad. Don't do it. But if you're a screenwriter, this is great stuff! Maybe Dick Wolf will start a new series Law and Order: Idaho just to take advantage of this legal anomaly.

And if all this wasn't bizarre enough, Idaho's "Loophole Land" is just a few steps from another patch of American soil that also fell outside the law. Dubbed "Lost Dakota" it was a few acres of land that—erroneously—were not part of any state and thus, theoretically, outside the reach of law enforcement. (Much more on this in my book Lost States) Eventually that situation was fixed when Lost Dakota became a part of Montana. But Loophole Land remains an unsettling, well, loophole. If your nemesis suggests a camping trip near the Idaho/Wyoming border.... don't go!!!


  1. Why is this not true for the part of Yellowstone that is in Montana?

    Very interesting by the way! Thanks.

    1. Because people might live there, giving them someone to pull for the jury. Remember: no one lives in loophole land.

  2. Dan, I plan to answer that question tomorrow. Stay tuned!

  3. Couldn't the prosecutors request a change of venue to a location with residents?

  4. Why is this not true for the part of Yellowstone that is in Montana?

    Because someone actually lives in that section of Wyoming, in a town called Jackson hole. The whole problem is the selection of the jury that reside in the same state & district.

    Am I close?
    But There is a town in

  5. The one thing to remember about the Simpson's is they will give you clues to what state they are in, but when you watch that episode again a second time on a different night (rerun) the clue will be completely different.

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  6. Did anyone proof read this before you posted it? If not, you might want to have it checked. The error(s) diminish the credibility almost instantly.

  7. The three men who were killed here & the confessed killer, that was allowed to go free because of the loophole in federal law, lends enought credibility to it despite one's use or lack thereof of punctuation & grammar.

  8. Nice article great post comment information thanks for sharing


  9. nice article great post comment information thanks for sharing.